Provincial Population (2021): 1.783.431
Diyarbakır is one of the largest cities in southeastern Turkey. Situated on the banks of the Tigris River.
It is a historical city. There are many mosques and churches . There are so many delicious meals and deserts in Diyarbakır.
Diyarbakır is a city that must be seen with its long ramparts , Malabadi bridge and it’s typical architecture of wide floored houses to reduce the effects of the heat since the temperature reaches to 40 – 50 thermometer during certain days of the summer months.
Districts: Diyarbakır (center), Bismil, Çermik, Çınar, Çüngüş, Dicle, Eğil, Ergani, Hani, Hazro, Kocaköy, Kulp, Lice, Silvan.
How to Get
Highway : Voyages from Diyarbakır to almost every region of Turkey is possible by coach transportation. Coach station placed at city center. Travelers transported to city center by minibuses.
Airway : Airport is 5 kilometer from city center. There are regular flights to Ankara and İstanbul, İzmir and Antalya.
Where to Visit
Ali Pasha Mosque, Behram Pasha Mosque, Fatih Pasha Mosque, Four-Pillared Minaret and Sheikh Mutahhar Mosque, Great Mosque of Diyarbakır, Hazreti Süleyman Mosque, Husrev Pasha Mosque, Iskender Paşa Mosque, Melek Ahmed Pasha Mosque, Nebi Mosque, Safa Mosque
ArcheologyMuseum: First museum of Diyarbakır opened at the year of 1934 in the Senceriye (Zinciriye) Theology school, an extension of Ulu Mosque. In 1985 it is transported to a new building on Elazığ Avenue. Traces remaining from Neolithic Age, Old Bronze Age, Urartu, Asurian, Roman, Byzantine, Seljuk, Akkoyunlu and Ottoman periods have been exhibited with a chronological order. Coins, local materials, ethnographic works of art, the majority of which remained from Artuklu period have also been exhibited in the museum.
ZiyaGökalpMuseum – House: One of the samples of typical civil architecture of Diyarbakır, this house was built in 1808. This house where the famous intellectual Ziya Gökalp was born in the year of 1876, was bought from his inheritors in 1953, and opened to visit at the date of March,23 1956 as a museum – house. Beside the items belonging to the poet, ethnographic works of art of the region are exhibited at the museum.
Cahit Sıtkı Tarancı Museum – House (Culture Museum): Building that is at the Diyarbakır city center, in Cami-i Kebir quarter, on Cahit Sıtkı Tarancı street, is dated to 1820.One of the most beautiful sample of typical civil architecture of Diyarbakır, it havesurvived to our present day.
RAMPARTS AND RUINS
Diyarbakır Ramparts: These Diyarbakır ramparts famous for being the longest second rampart after the great wall of China, are 5.5 km long and 7 – 8 m high. Black Basalt Ramparts composed of 16 castles and 5 main gates are the most attractive places of the city. Magnificent sample of mediaeval military architecture, these ramparts were decorated with inscriptions and embossments.